Leave Your Leaves – the Ecological Benefits of the Not So Perfect Yard

Our annual plea for sustainable fall landscaping care has been recycled below.

by Joanne Mullowney

Today we are expecting some much needed rain, but overall have left the hot, sticky days of summer behind us for the cooler, more breathable days of fall.   Who doesn’t love autumn?  Soon the neighborhood trees will blanket the ground with their last gift of the growing season.  This seasonal leaf drop can recharge your landscape and create habitat for wildlife.  So, don’t treat your leaf litter as trash, but rather as the gift that it truly is to the millions of tiny creatures that are a part of the life of our gardens.

The Benefits of Leaf Litter

Raking up and disposing of our leaves, chopping down dead flower stalks and grasses all contribute to a manicured appearance which we have been conditioned to think of as the norm.  However, in nature, trees don’t drop their bounty at the curb for pick up, but rather they blanket the earth while providing a host of ecological benefits.

Leaves provide an insulating winter cover in the garden for plants and those tiny creatures that sustain life in the garden.   We encourage you to mulch with fallen leaves.  Wherever possible, leave them to decompose where they fall in your garden beds.  Or settle the leaves under the branches of your shrubs. Give it a year or so and your leaf litter will have broken down while providing mulch and increasing the soil’s water retention abilities.

You can also rake out some of the leaves from the beds that are simply too much and might smother tender plants and cause them to rot over the winter. Add them to the compost pile or the leaf pile on the lawn while the rest remain in the beds. Then take your mulching mower and chop them up into small pieces.  Rake up most of the chopped leaves and place them back in the garden around shrubs and plants.   Now that they are greatly reduced in volume they contribute to the more manicured look that suburban mores demand.  The remainder can stay on your lawn and decompose there. Do this as needed until the end of the season and the leaves will break down over the winter providing your soil with valuable nutrients all the while enhancing wildlife habitat.  One incidental benefit is that of reduction of Township resources allotted to fall cleanup, saving taxpayer dollars.

While you might think that this leaves the yard looking a little less than perfect, you are nourishing the landscape and providing valuable resources and habitat for wildlife.

The Benefit of Providing Habitat

This somewhat messy yard contributes yet another important benefit – habitat.  While not a traditional concern of the average gardener, we believe it should be.  Did you know that despite its not so perfect look, leaf litter provides an important foraging space and shelter for a wide variety of birds, small mammals and insects?  Also providing benefit is the untrimmed garden where ladybugs and lacewings reside in native grasses and pollinating bees settle in hollow plant stems.  Butterflies and moths winter in chrysalides on the ground and baby spiders hide out amid the decaying plant stems. Birds feed from dried seed heads in winter.

Some wildlife use the leaf litter and other dead vegetation to insulate them from winter’s chill, while others, such as earthworms feed on the litter, breaking it into smaller pieces. Bacteria and fungi in turn convert theses smaller pieces into nutrients which then sustain neighboring plants. They in turn help support biodiversity by becoming food themselves. Toads, beetles, ladybugs and much more also live in your backyard’s leaf litter. Each is an integral part of the food web.

Support Wildlife Thru Your Not So Perfect Yard

We recommend the following practices from the Habitat Network to help you in your quest to provide habitat and reduce your ecological impact.  Adopting good practices in the fall also leaves you well set for spring in the garden.

  • Leave your leaves on the property (Leaves are too valuable a resource to dispose of!)
  • Leave them in the garden beds when you can, mow them or compost them.
  • Allow dried flower heads of some of your garden favorites to stay standing in your garden.
  • The dark stems and flower heads of some of our native flowers look gorgeous against the snow and nothing is more exciting than seeing our small winged friends feasting upon the seed heads.
  • Don’t cut down your ornamental grasses. Let them grow tall and seed.  They provide shelter for the insects that pollinate our gardens and feed fledgling birds and other wildlife. Not to mention that they also look fabulous swaying in the wind.  They make a fabulous addition to the fall (and winter) landscape.
  • Build a brush pile with fallen branches instead of removing them.  If you build it, they will come. This author no sooner established a small brush pile in a back corner in the yard and it was inhabited.
  • Forget the chemicals. (This one is not hard. Just do it!)  They flow from our properties during rain events and end up in our water supply.
  • Finally, don’t be in a rush to begin your garden cleanup in the spring. Wait until after several 50℉ days to begin, when spring has really arrived, allowing overwintering pollinators to move on first.  You gave them a home all winter; don’t take it away from them too soon.

Vanishing Habitat

As habitat for wildlife is decreasing, so too is wildlife, and at an alarming rate.  A recent National Wildlife Federation newsletter states:  More than half the world’s wildlife has vanished since 1970.1  This includes mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish.  Quite simply, we’re destroying our planet’s ability to support our way of life.

Wildlife needs habitat to survive and we need to do a better job balancing the need to provide habitat for animals’ survival against commercial forces.  Habitat requires food, water and shelter and even a small yard can support birds, butterflies, beneficial insects, and small animals thru proper landscaping and landscaping habits.  They need more than lawn and it is important to provide trees, shrubs, and other plants (particularly native varieties and a topic for another post) that shelter and feed wildlife.

We ask you to adopt a somewhat messy yard and eschew the leaf disposal.  Keep your leaves so that they can decompose naturally in your own yard and support the butterflies and other small insects that live in the leaf litter.  To learn more about how we are promoting gardening for wildlife, take a look at our initiative – the Ewing Community Wildlife Habitat Project.   During this season of renewal so essential to preserving the next generation of wildlife, we invite you to join with us and pledge to garden messy.  Then put your feet up and enjoy the season.

Printable brochure of sustainable fall landscaping tips.

  1. Source:  Living Planet Report 2016 by World Wildlife Fund http://awsassets.panda.org/downloads/lpr_living_planet_report_2016.pdf


New Jersey Clean Energy Workshop on September 19th from 8 – 10 am


On behalf of Mercer County Executive Brian M. Hughes, the Mercer County Office of Economic Development invites you to learn about energy resource programs that will help you become more energy efficient and improve your business’s bottom line!

This FREE WORKSHOP features presentations by the Mercer County Office of Economic Development, the Board of Public Utilities, the New Jersey Clean Energy Program and the Direct Install Program. A continental breakfast will be served.

Event Summary

Date: September 19, 2019,
Time: 8 a.m. — 10 a.m.
Location: The Boathouse at Mercer Lake | 334 S. Post Rd., West Windsor
Register: Ed Kemler 609-989-6555 | ekemler@mercercounty.org


Scarecrows are coming… be on the lookout!

Coming to Ewing this fall will be a horde of crazy and creepy, festive and fun creatures appearing or leering or maybe just cute and curious throughout our town! The Ewing Green Team, Ewing Arts Commission and Art Has No Boundaries are joining together with the Ewing Recreation Department to help Ewing families, groups, and workers celebrate the Halloween season as they track down these fantastic creatures for a chance to win ca$h.

Businesses, schools, organizations and civic groups will be creating and hosting these mysterious visitors.  All Ewing businesses and organizations are welcome to participate.  Register online at ewinggreenteam.org/scarecrow-scavenger-hunt-reg/.

The All-Around Town Scarecrow Scavenger Hunt begins on Monday, September 28th and ends on Wednesday, October 23rd, giving you plenty of time to hunt them all down.  Follow the cagey clues to track them down and if you’re good and find them all, you will earn a chance to win $200. Just remember you may have to be really brave and get up close, but don’t be scared; we don’t think they bite!  Vote for your favorite and the People’s Choice business or organization will win a $100 donation to a charity of their choice.  Contest rules and ballots with fun and challenging clues are available here.   Paper ballots can also be picked up at the Ewing Community and Senior Center (ESCC) at 999 Lower Ferry Road or Hollowbrook Community Center at 320 Hollowbrook Drive. The winner will be announced on October 26th during the Ewing Recreation Department’s Annual Trunk-or-Treat festivities. For further details please go to ewinggreenteam.org/menu/scarecrow-2019.

For the 6th year we also look forward to our Annual Scarecrow Contest when a horde of Scarecrows created by local residents, groups or schools, shows up the ESCC preparatory to the Trunk or Treat event on Saturday, October 26th and judgement by our Treaters and visitors.  These Scarecrows must be made of at least 80% recycled materials. They will be on display at the Community Center and highlight the incredible juxtaposition of artistic creativity and recycling smarts by our participants.  Following judgement, the People’s Choice will be awarded $200 and the runner up $100.   To learn more and to register, go to www.ewinggreenteam.org/scarecrow-contest.

Ewing’s Fall Festival includes the Trunk or Treat event, as well as kids’ crafts and refreshments.  We’re very excited to announce that this year we are adding music and storytelling with Ewing’s very own talented entertainers Tim and Jennifer Hoh!  Tim, of Tim Hoh’s Music for Kids will provide the music and Jennifer will add her own very special storytelling to our day.  This event runs from 1-4:00 pm at the ESCC.

Projected Schedule

  • 1 – 2 pm Arts and Crafts
  • 2 – 3 pm – Music and storytelling by Tim and Jennifer Hoh
  • 3:30 pm – Trunk or Treat will begin and voting for your favorite ‘People’s Choice’ Scarecrow
  • 4 pm (appr.) – Winners announced from the Scavenger Hunt and Scarecrow Contest at the conclusion of the Trunk or Treat

Winners of the All-Around Town Scarecrow Scavenger Hunt and Annual Scarecrow Contest will be announced at approximately 4:00 pm following the conclusion of the treating and voting.  The People’s Choice for the businesses hosting the Scarecrows will also be announced. Scarecrows will remain on display at the Community Center until the following weekend for the Community to visit and enjoy.

“The Ewing Green Team is excited to partner with the Ewing Recreation Department, the Ewing Arts Commission and Art Has No Boundaries for a bigger and better Scarecrow Event this fall.  More than ever, we look forward to bringing the Ewing community together to celebrate the season while on the Scarecrow Trail and bringing a festive fall excitement to our community,” said Green Team Scarecrow Chair Lisa Feldman.   So whether you follow our Scarecrow Trail, build your own scarecrow for our contest, or both, we hope all Ewing residents, groups and workers will join the fun!